Female Pattern Baldness Treatment

AWISH Clinic

Female Pattern Baldness

Female pattern hair loss or baldness is the most common cause of hair loss in females. Almost every woman suffers from any degree of female pattern baldness, which can occur anytime with the advent of puberty. But, women manage to notice it around menopause, when the hair loss typically increases.

In Female pattern baldness, women experience thinning hair primarily on the scalp’s top and crown and widen through the center hair part. However, apart from the normal recession, the frontal hairline remains unchanged, which happens to everyone over time. If not treated at the right time, hair thinning spread 2 in the temples and above the ears. The hair loss rarely grows to incomplete or total baldness in women. This situation is also termed Androgenetic Alopecia.

The female pattern hair loss is different from the male pattern hair loss. This has only three stages. The first stage involves thinning of hair, which is slightly unnoticeable. During the second stage, approximately 50-70% of your hair would have experienced thinning, and the scalp is easily visible. The hair loss is critical, and the baldness is more prominent in the third stage.

Female pattern baldness can have a significant impact on a woman’s self-esteem and confidence. However, there are treatment options available to manage the condition and promote hair regrowth. These may include topical minoxidil, which can help stimulate hair growth, or oral medications like spironolactone, which block the effects of DHT. Additionally, low-level laser therapy  have shown promise in improving hair density.

It’s important for women experiencing hair loss to seek the guidance of a healthcare professional or dermatologist specializing in hair loss. They can provide an accurate diagnosis, evaluate underlying factors, and recommend appropriate treatment options tailored to individual needs. With proper care and treatment, women with female pattern baldness can regain confidence and achieve a fuller, healthier-looking head of hair.

Causes of Female Pattern baldness

Female pattern baldness, also known as androgenetic alopecia, is primarily caused by a combination of genetic and hormonal factors. Here are the key causes contributing to female pattern baldness:

  • Genetic Predisposition
    Inherited genes play a significant role in female pattern baldness. If there is a family history of hair loss, particularly among female relatives, it increases the likelihood of developing this condition.
  • Hormonal Imbalance
    Hormonal changes can trigger or exacerbate female pattern baldness. Androgens, including testosterone and its derivative dihydrotestosterone (DHT), can affect the hair follicles by shrinking them and shortening the hair growth cycle. Hormonal fluctuations during menopause, pregnancy, or conditions like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) can contribute to hair loss in women.
  • Sensitivity of Hair Follicles
    Hair follicles in individuals with female pattern baldness may be more susceptible to the effects of androgens, particularly DHT. This sensitivity leads to the miniaturization of hair follicles over time, resulting in thinner, finer hair strands.
  • As women age, their hair follicles naturally undergo changes. The growth phase of the hair follicles becomes shorter, leading to slower and thinner hair growth. This age-related factor contributes to the development of female pattern baldness.
  • Other Factors
    Certain underlying medical conditions, such as thyroid disorders or autoimmune diseases, can also contribute to hair loss in women. Additionally, factors like high levels of stress, poor nutrition, certain medications (e.g., chemotherapy drugs), and excessive hairstyling practices (e.g., tight hairstyles, frequent use of heated styling tools) can exacerbate hair thinning and contribute to female pattern baldness.
Female Pattern Baldness

Available Treatment For Female Pattern Baldness

Treatment options for female pattern baldness aim to slow down hair loss, stimulate hair regrowth, and improve the overall appearance of the hair. Here are some common treatments for female pattern baldness:

  • Topical Minoxidil
    This over-the-counter medication is applied directly to the scalp and is available in different strengths. Minoxidil promotes hair growth by stimulating the hair follicles and prolonging the growth phase. Regular and consistent use is required, and visible results may take several months.
  • Anti-Androgen Medications
    Certain oral medications, such as spironolactone, may be prescribed to block the effects of androgens, specifically DHT. These medications help slow down hair loss and can promote regrowth in some women. They are typically used in cases where hormonal imbalances, such as those seen in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), contribute to hair loss.
  • Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT)
    LLLT involves using specialized devices that emit low-energy laser light to the scalp. This treatment stimulates hair follicles, improves blood circulation, and promotes hair regrowth. LLLT can be performed at home with handheld devices or in clinical settings.
  • Hair Transplant Surgery
    In cases where other treatments have not provided satisfactory results, hair transplant surgery may be considered. This procedure involves transplanting hair follicles from the donor area (usually the back of the scalp) to the areas experiencing hair loss. It is a surgical procedure that requires careful evaluation and consultation with a qualified hair transplant specialist.
  • Lifestyle Changes
    Implementing lifestyle changes can also help manage female pattern baldness. This includes stress levels, adopting a balanced and nutritious diet, avoiding excessive heat styling and chemical treatments, and practicing good scalp hygiene.
  • Artificial Hair Fiber
    In this method, synthetic hair fibers (matching color, length & appearance) are injected into the scalp to achieve the desired hair density.

It’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional or a dermatologist specializing in hair loss to determine the most suitable treatment options based on individual circumstances. They can provide personalized recommendations, monitor progress, and adjust treatments as needed to achieve the best possible outcomes in female pattern baldness.